Laval University, a French-Canadian institution of higher education founded at Quebec by royal charter in 1852. It grew out of the Séminaire established at Quebec by Bishop Laval in 1663; and it took the name of the founder of the Séminaire. In 1853 Pope Pius IX conferred on the archbishop of Quebec the power of conferring degrees in theology on the ecclesiastical students of the university; but it was not until 1876 that the university received from Rome its papal charter, under the bull Inter varias sollicitudines. It has thus two constitutions, one civil and the other religious. Its visitor, its rector, and its university council emanate from its royal charter; its chancellor and its supervising "Conseil Supérieur" of high ecclesiastics emanate from its papal constitution.
In 1876, in conformity with a decision of the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda at Rome, Laval University established a branch or Succursale in Montreal, with chairs subsidiary to its faculties in Quebec. This was judged necessary for a number of reasons, but mainly because of the distance between Montreal and Quebec, which made it difficult for many students to attend the university in Quebec. In 1889 the institution at Montreal was granted greater independence of the university at Quebec, and became almost a separate institution, though under the same name; and in 1920 it was organized as the University of Montreal.
training skilled, responsible individuals who promote change, and advancing and sharing knowledge in a high-energy research and development environment.